LUNG CANCER STATISTICS

Statistics

 

Mortality

  • Nearly 160,000 lives are lost annually

  • 158,040 people in the U.S. will die of lung cancer in 2015

  • More than the other 3 leading cancers combined (breast cancer 40,730, prostate cancer 27,540, colorectal cancer 49,700) – it accounts for 27% of all cancer deaths

  • More than the next  3 deadliest cancers combined (colorectal cancer 49,700, breast cancer 40,730, pancreatic cancer 40,560) – it accounts for 27% of all cancer deaths

  • Lung cancer kills 433 people every day

  • Every 3.3 minutes, someone in the U.S. dies of lung cancer

http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_01_overview.pdf Table 1.1, p. 31

American Cancer Society.  Facts and Figures 2015, p. 4. http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/cancerfactsfigures2015/

 

  • Lung cancer kills almost twice as many women as breast cancer and three times as many men as prostate cancer

  • Lung cancer is the leading cancer killer among women in the United States, surpassing breast cancer in 1987

  • It’s estimated more than 71,000 American women will die of lung cancer in 2015

  • Lung cancer kills 196 women every day – 8 per hour, one death every 7 minutes

http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_01_overview.pdf Table 1.1, p. 31

American Cancer Society.  Facts and Figures 2015, p. 4. http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/cancerfactsfigures2015/

 

  • During the past 38 years, the lung cancer death rate has fallen 26% among men while increasing 108% among women

U.S. National Institutes of Health.

National Cancer Institute: http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_15_lung_bronchus.pdf Table 15.9

 

 

Incidence

  •  Approximately 60%-65% of all new lung cancer diagnoses are among people who have never smoked or have already quit smoking.  About 50% are former smokers and 10%-15% have never smoked.

  • The above statement can be extended to: Approximately two-thirds of lung cancer diagnoses are in never smokers or former smokers.

Experts consulted: Ann G. Schwartz, PhD, MPH, Deputy Center Director, EVP Research and Academic Affairs,

Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University; and Margaret Spitz, MD, MPH, Professor,

Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center, Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine.

Both were comfortable with these references:

Burns DM. Primary Prevention, smoking, and smoking cessation:

Implications for future trends in lung cancer prevention. Cancer, 2000. 89:2506-2509.

Thun, MJ, et al. Lung Cancer Occurrence in Never-Smokers: An Analysis of 13 Cohorts and 22 Cancer Registry Studies.

PLOS Medicine, 2008. 5(9): e185. Doi: 10.1371/journal/pmed.0050185

Satcher, D, Thompson, TG and Kaplan, JP. Women and smoking: a report of the Surgeon General. Nicotine Tob Res, 2002. 4(1): 7-20.

Park et al. 2012: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cncr.26545/abstract.

 

  • 1 in 15 people in the U.S. will be diagnosed with lung cancer in their lifetime—1 in 14 men and 1 in 17 women

  • 221,200 people will be diagnosed with lung cancer in 2015

  • 606 people will be diagnosed each day

  • 25 people will be diagnosed each hour

  • Every 2 ½ minutes someone in the U.S. is told that he or she has lung cancer

American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society.  Facts and Figures 2015

http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_15_lung_bronchus.pdf Tables 15.18-15.20

 

  • The median age at diagnosis is 70, 69% of lung cancer diagnoses are in people 65 or older.

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/lungb.html

 

  • Every 5 minutes, a women in the U.S. is told that she has lung cancer

American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures, 2015, page 4.

 

  • Only 16% of people will be diagnosed in the earliest stage, when the disease is most treatable.

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/lungb.html

 

  • Over the last 38 years, the rate of new lung cancer cases has fallen 29% among men while increasing 96% among women

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute:

http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_15_lung_bronchus.pdf Table 15.6

 

  • There were 130,659 lung cancer deaths due to smoking each year from 2005-2009 and 7,330 from secondhand smoke exposure in 2006.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking - 

50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. 2014. Tables 12.4 and 12.9

 

  • Radon causes about 21,000 lung cancer deaths each year, making it the second leading cause of lung cancer death.

EPA’ Assessment of Risk from Radon in Homes: http://www.epa.gov/radon/risk_assessment.html

 

  • The relative risk from smoking has increased over time, despite a decrease in smoking prevalence and the average number of cigarettes consumed per smoker. It has more than tripled for women, compared to more than doubling for men, meaning women and men are now equally likely to die from a smoking-related disease.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The Health Consequences of Smoking - 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. 2014.

 

  • Women who reported ever being diagnosed with lung cancer were twice as likely as men to also report never having smoked

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics.

National Health Interview Survey Raw Data, 2011. Analysis performed by the

American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics Unit using SPSS software.

 

 

Survival

  • Lung cancer has the lowest 5-year survival rate of the other most common cancers:  Only 17%

  • Vs. Prostate 99%; Breast 89%; Colorectal 65%

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/lungb.html

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/colorect.html

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/breast.html

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/prost.html

 

  • Just over  half of women (51.2%) diagnosed with lung cancer will survive one year. Only one in five women (21%) will survive five years

  • Among women, the lifetime risk of dying from lung cancer is 82% greater than the risk of dying from the next most likely cancer, breast

  • The risk of developing lung cancer in a woman’s lifetime is approximately 1 in 17 (6.04 %)

  • Lung cancer diagnosed and treated at an early stage has a much higher survival rate, but most cases are not diagnosed until later stages

  • Only 17% of lung cancer cases among women are diagnosed early (localized/stage 1)

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute:

http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_01_overview.pdf Table 1.20

http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2012/results_merged/sect_15_lung_bronchus.pdf. 15.12,15.17, and 15.20

 

  • If lung cancer is caught before it spreads, the likelihood of surviving 5 years or more improves to 55%.

http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/lungb.html

 

  • Early detection, by low-dose CT screening, can decrease lung cancer mortality by 14% among high-risk populations

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Lung Cancer:

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. AHRQ Publication No. 13-05196-EF-3. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf13/lungcan/lungcanfinalrs.htm

Humphrey L, Deffebach M, Pappas M, Baumann C, Artis K, Priest Mitchell J, et al. Screening for Lung Cancer:

Systematic Review to Update the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.

Evidence Synthesis No. 105. AHRQ Publication No. 13-05196-EF-1. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2013.

 

 

Causes and Costs of Lung Cancer

  • Smoking isn’t the only cause of lung cancer. Other known causes include exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution, radon, and asbestos

Alberg, AJ and Samet, J. Epidemiology of Lung Cancer. Chest, January 2003; 123:21S–49S.

 

  • Major prospective studies support the relationship between particle pollution and lung cancer

The Lancet Oncology, “Air pollution and lung cancer incidence in 17 European cohorts:

prospective analyses from the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE),” July 2013.

 

  • Employees who smoke cost their employer nearly $6,000 more each year compared to nonsmoking employees

Berman M, Crame R, Seriber E, Munur M. Estimating the cost of a smoking employee. Tob Control. June 3, 2013.  

 

  • $13.1 billion was spent on lung cancer care in 2014

  • More was spent on care in the last year of life ($5.4 billion) for lung cancer than any other cancer in 2014

National Institutes of Health. National Cancer Institute. Cancer Trends Progress Report.  March 2015. http://progressreport.cancer.gov/after/economic_burden.

 

  • The $39 billion in lost productivity due to lung cancer deaths is more than the next four costliest cancers combined. It is the costliest cancer in terms of lost productivity, and accounts for 27% of the total cost of lost productivity for all cancers

Bradley CJ, Yabroff KR, Dahman B, Feuer EJ, Mariotto A, Brown ML.

Productivity Costs of Cancer Mortality in the United States: 2000-2010. J Natl Cancer Inst 2008; 100:1763-70.

 

 

Federal Spending on Lung Cancer Research

  • FY 2015 estimated federal cancer research spending (dollars per life lost):

- Breast : $24,846

- Prostate: $12,644

- Colorectal: $6,344

- Lung: $1,680

 

Lung cancer receives by far the least federal cancer research spending per life lost of any of the four leading cancers.

Estimated federal cancer research spending from the combined FY 2015 budgeted research dollars of the

National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Estimated deaths from American Cancer Society Cancer Facts & Figures 2015 (calculations made 9/3/15):

http://report.nih.gov/categorical_spending.aspx
http://www.cdc.gov/fmo/topic/Budget Information/FY2015-CDC-Operating-Plan-2-3-15.htm

http://cdmrp.army.mil/pubs/press/2014/funding_press_release15.shtml

http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@editorial/documents/document/acspc-044552.pdf

 

  • About 5% of federal spending on cancer research is directed to lung cancer.

Estimated 2015 federal cancer research spending from the National Institutes of Health:

http://report.nih.gov/categorical_spending.aspx

 

  • Lung cancer receives the least federal cancer research spending (in absolute dollars) of any of the four leading cancers.

- Breast: $1,011,993,000

- Colorectal: $315,294,000

- Lung: $265,500,000

- Prostate: $348,205,000

Estimated federal cancer research spending from the combined FY 2015 budgeted research

dollars of the National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense, and Centers for

Disease Control and Prevention. (calculations made 9/3/15):

http://report.nih.gov/categorical_spending.aspx

http://www.cdc.gov/fmo/topic/Budget Information/FY2015-CDC-Operating-Plan-2-3-15.htm

http://cdmrp.army.mil/pubs/press/2014/funding_press_release15.shtml

 

 

 

 

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